In the s Walt Whitman lamented the human casualties of the new economy. Rail corporations overbuilt, borrowed recklessly, and were often atrociously managed. At the same time, the demand for raw cotton was vastly spurred by the Industrial Revolution which made textile manufacture a large-scale industry.
Those African Americans who did hold office appear to have been similar in competence and honesty to the whites.
In the early s, many Northerners belonged to the Whig Party, while Southerners tended towards the Democrats. More frequently it was manifested through support of the Democratic Partywhich gradually regained its strength in the South and waited for the time when the North would tire of supporting the Radical regimes and would withdraw federal troops from the South.
The followers of Adams assumed the name of National Republicans, later to be replaced by that of Whigs, and the Jacksonians gave a new character to the Democratic Party. Over the period as a whole, American industry advanced rapidly.
Homespun clothing replaced the animal skins. When Texas revolted against Mexico and appealed to the United States for annexation, he wisely took a waiting attitude. Thenceforth, the Constitution, as the courts applied it through out the country, was to be in great degree the Constitution as Marshall interpreted it.
Social Change The Civil War had seemed to secure the triumph of a world of small producers and the values of free labor, individualism, and contract freedom. The convinced Federalist, John Marshall of Virginia, was made Chief Justice in and held that office until his death in The Interstate Commerce Act sought to end discrimination by railroads against small shippers and the Sherman Antitrust Act outlawed business monopolies.
Blainemen devoid of the idealistic fervour that had marked the early Republicans. Washington counseled southern blacks to focus on economic and educational opportunities at the expense of asserting their political and legal rights. This benefitted workers only as long as they were able to maintain their wages.
Suspicious of Andrew Johnson, Republicans in Congress did not trust the president to enforce the Reconstruction legislation they passed over his repeated vetoes, and they tried to deprive him of as much power as possible.
Herbert Spencer, the British writer and philosopher, had many American disciples, of whom William Graham Sumner of Yale was probably the most prominent.
Louis, Missouri was the largest town on the frontier, the gateway for travel westward, and a principal trading center for Mississippi River traffic and inland commerce but remained under Spanish control until His administration was tarnished by the dishonesty of his subordinates, whom he loyally defended.
Clad in typical frontier garb, leather breeches, moccasins, fur cap, and hunting shirt, and girded by a belt from which hung a hunting knife and a shot pouch—all homemade—the pioneer presented a unique appearance.
The period of the thirties and forties was characterized by an invigorating faith in the perfectibility of mankind, and there resulted an emancipation of the intellectual and spiritual as well as the material life of the people. Varying from state to state, these codes in general treated African Americans as inferiors, relegated to a secondary and subordinate position in society.
Pioneers housed themselves in a rough lean-to or at most a one-room log cabin. The mass politics and high voting rates characteristic of late nineteenth-century America would not outlive the era. InGeorge Bancroft published the first volume of a history of the United States from the earliest discoveries to the adoption of the Constitution.
Anthony, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who braved the contempt of men as well as that of most women while they devoted their energies to antislavery, feminism, and labor welfare.
Tildenreceived the majority of the popular vote; but the vote in the electoral college was long in doubt.
The care of state prisoners, the insane, and the blind was also neglected; and measures to safeguard the public health were rejected. The debate was never settled completely, and as a result both viewpoints competed for attention throughout the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
His Standard Oil became the best-known and the best-hated corporation of the day. Johnson tried to organize his own political party in the National Union Convention, which met in Philadelphia in August ; and in August and September he visited many Northern and Western cities in order to defend his policies and to attack the Republican leaders.
A national transportation and communication network was created, the corporation became the dominant form of business organization, and a managerial revolution transformed business operations.
The Louisiana Purchase of [ edit ] Thomas Jefferson thought of himself as a man of the frontier and was keenly interested in expanding and exploring the West.
They believed that individual enterprise, hard work, and free competition in open markets still guaranteed success to those willing to work hard. Others, who grew in numbers in the s and s, accepted the inevitability of large corporations but desired that they be more tightly regulated.
For the next few years, the banking business was in the hands of state chartered banks which issued currency in amounts beyond their ability to redeem it, thus creating great confusion.
The best known of these organizations is the Ku Klux Klan (commonly called the KKK); it was formed by Confederate soldiers in originally to continue fighting the Civil War immediately after.
Instead of direct face-to-face fighting between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., the two countries fought each other through proxy forces in Africa and Latin America, with the civil war in Angola and.
The end of the Civil War found Americans confronting two frontiers of opportunity: the devastated South and the untamed West.
They were—and are—the most distinctive sections of the country, and both regions exerted a magnetic attraction for adventurers and entrepreneurs. The New South and the Western Frontier Similarities They had a society based on racial violence and caste.
Social Both experienced rapid expansion as populations boomed. They were united in a nation of regional nations that they were not happy about.
Both had a place as suppliers of raw materials, foodstuffs and consumers of finished goods. United States - Reconstruction and the New South, – The original Northern objective in the Civil War was the preservation of the Union—a war aim.
The Significance of the Frontier in American History () this is a short version of the essay subsequently published in Turner's essay collection, The Frontier in American many religious sects.
In short, it was a region mediating between New England and the South, and the East and the West. It represented that composite nationality.Similarities between the new south and the western frontier after the civil war