A history of trading coffee tea and opium in the nineteenth century in china

When the first British embassy set foot on its soil there were more printed books and texts in China than the rest of the world put together. They were the tea traders and they realised that their own success depended on sustaining this trade according to the directives of the government.

By the end of the eighteen century England really needed the revenue from tea to finance the Napoleonic wars. The scheming British sent opium to China across the Indian border in exchange for silver, then traded the same silver back to China for tea.

Estimates of domestic production fell from 35, metric tons 34, long tons in to 4, metric tons 3, long tons in In a new emperor, Tao Kuang ascended the Imperial throne and hostilities between the merchants and the authorities began to escalate.

This breakthrough was one of the earliest milestones in the Industrial Revolution, the period during which machines performed an increasingly large portion of labor—manufacturing, delivery, etc. Taken orally to relieve tension and pain, the drug was used in limited quantities until the 17th century.

For there could be a positive use for the drug and a negative one. Lin destroyed the confiscated opiuma total of some 1, long tons 1, ta process which took 23 days. The lofty tea prices made tea highly fashionable and elitist. The long-term goal was to lower the price of tea transportation, thereby making tea smuggling impractical.

The only solution was to increase the amount of Indian goods to pay for these Chinese luxuries, and increasingly in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the item provided to China was Bengal Opium.

Commissioner Lin was now tasked with destroying all the Opium. Levels of opium addiction grew so high that it began to affect the imperial troops and the official classes. Everyone was curious about the new beverage and tea quickly gained popularity.

Steeped tea became popular again in Japan in the late 's when experimental tea processors discovered that steaming the leaves to stop fermentation produced a greener and more flavorsome tea that more closely resembled the fresh, potent flavors characteristic of Matcha.

He was a person that looked very wise and looked like he had a lot of common sense. During the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, when most people worked in agriculture, the working classes tended to have the main meal of their day at midday, with a much lighter supper in the evening.

For the next two weeks the ditches were filled with water first and then salt and lime after the Opium chests were smashed opened and hurled into the ditches. Surprisingly, though many people associate tea with being quintessentially British, the popularity of the drink is wholly due to the foreign princess.

Even so legitimate imports continued to rise. It was fragmented by religion and system of government. He did not achieve much except to set up a warring agenda. Like how the Mexican government sprayed a chemical called Agent Orange onto Opium poppy fields in A sophisticated and ruthless power like England could easily manipulate and control them, by playing the interests of one against the other.

Opium trade

Considering that importation of opium into China had been virtually banned by Chinese law, the East India Company established an elaborate trading scheme partially relying on legal markets and partially leveraging illicit ones.

This resulted in the infamous Boston Tea Party, the British government's closure of Boston harbor, and the arrival of British troops on American soil.

History of opium in China

The profits were vast. The East India Company set out to establish control of India by subterfuge and force. Tea became an integral part of Japanese monastery life; monks used tea to help stay alert during meditation sessions.

The weight of each chest varied somewhat—depending on point of origin—but averaged approximately pounds The commerce in tea and the opium that paid for it continued without interruptions even during the hostilities. There is also an entire amusement park called the Tenfu Tea Museum - China's equivalent of Disneyland - that honors the Chinese tea-drinking traditions.

To that end, many wealthy 18th century English and Dutch families had paintings made of the family having tea. The demand for tea had thus changed British foreign policy—and world history.

The History of Opium

The opium trade, which created a steady demand among Chinese addicts for opium imported by the West, solved this chronic trade imbalance. The Sumerian passed their knowledge of Opium and Opium cultivation to the Assyrians who in turn passed it to the Egyptians and the Chinese.

Entrepreneurs mingled with the landed gentry in unholy alliances. Britain and other European countries undertook the opium trade because of their chronic trade imbalance with China.

There was tremendous demand in Europe for Chinese tea, silks, and porcelain pottery, but there was correspondingly little demand in China for Europe’s manufactured goods and other trade items.

Opium trade

Tea was first imported to England from China in the seventeenth century. It was introduced in small quantities as a precious commodity. It is not clear when opium was first sold to China, although English traders first bought it in India in the seventeenth century.

All poppy growers in India were forbidden to sell opium to competitor trading companies. Astor would later leave the China opium trade and sell solely to England.

|. The impact of the opium trade on the social, economic, and political fortunes of nineteenth-century China is one of the most interesting and contentious issues in the history of Sino-Western relations.

The company became heavily involved in the illicit trading of opium in China. Although opium was a powerful and dangerous narcotic that had been banned in China, the company traded many tons of opium with Chinese citizens under the table, and opium became an.

Study Guide: A Short History of Tea

20th Century World History Chapter 3 study guide by hannahneelyjohnson includes 15 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities .

A history of trading coffee tea and opium in the nineteenth century in china
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Tea and Opium © Antigone Clarke and Joseph O'Kelly