It was the era of the CrusadesGothic art and architecture, the papal monarchythe birth of the universitythe recovery of ancient Greek thought, and the soaring intellectual achievements of St. Well after the first artistic return to classicism had been exemplified in the sculpture of Nicola PisanoFlorentine painters led by Masaccio strove to portray the human form realistically, developing techniques to render perspective and light more naturally.
Venice and Milan also grew wealthy and powerful, playing large roles in Italian politics and attracting many artists and writers to their gilded streets. As a result of the decimation in the populace the value of the working class increased, and commoners came to enjoy more freedom.
Many historians have questioned the conventional dating of the beginning and end of the Middle Ages, which were never precise in any case and cannot be located in any year or even century.
Linked to this was anti-monarchical thinking, represented in the famous early Renaissance fresco cycle Allegory of Good and Bad Government in Siena by Ambrogio Lorenzetti painted —whose strong message is about the virtues of fairness, justice, republicanism and good administration.
This signals the end of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as Byzantium. Italian merchants and political officials supported and commissioned the great artists of the day, thus the products of the Renaissance grew up inside their walls.
Athens was a powerful Hellenic city-state and governed itself with an early form of direct democracy invented by Cleisthenes ; the citizens of Athens voted on legislation and executive bills themselves.
Instead, it was divided into smaller city states and territories: Peter's basilica, pushed the reformers over the edge and into protest. Ancient Greek works on science, maths and philosophy had been studied since the High Middle Ages in Western Europe and in the medieval Islamic world normally in translationbut Greek literary, oratorical and historical works such as Homer, the Greek dramatists, Demosthenes and Thucydides were not studied in either the Latin or medieval Islamic worlds; in the Middle Ages these sorts of texts were only studied by Byzantine scholars.
Incredibly, centralised financial record-keeping on the great roll of the exchequer survives unbroken from early in Henry II's reign. However, the time after the Romans is "dark" to historians because there was no central government recording events.
Silver mining in Tyrol increased the flow of money. Division in the papacy exacerbated growing nationalism in western countries. Still others argue for the inclusion of the old periods Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformation into a single period beginning in late antiquity and ending in the second half of the 16th century.
Portrait of a Young Woman c. In Theodosius Iwho had made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire, would be the last emperor to preside over a united Roman Empire.
Athens was the home of Socrates Platoand the Platonic Academy. It covers the time from the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire.
The wealth such business brought to Italy meant large public and private artistic projects could be commissioned and individuals had more leisure time for study. “The Middle Ages” is definitely one of the better Hourly History books.
The writing is engaging and flows nicely. The author has certainly tackled a huge subject, and packing years into the space of an hour is a near-impossible task.
The Middle Ages, or Medieval Times, in Europe was a long period of history from AD to AD. That's years! It covers the time from the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire. This was a time of castles and peasants, guilds and monasteries, cathedrals and crusades.
May 08, · The European Middle Ages (or Medieval Time) is roughly year span of time from the end of the Roman Empire (in the West) to the beginning of.
The Italian Renaissance followed on the heels of the Middle Ages, and was spawned by the birth of the philosophy of humanism, which emphasized the importance of individual achievement in a wide range of fields. The early humanists, such as writer Francesco Petrarch, studied the works of the ancient.
Back to History for Kids. The Renaissance was a period of time from the 14th to the 17th century in Europe.
This era bridged the time between the Middle Ages and modern times. The word "Renaissance" means "rebirth". Medieval and Renaissance History. Gather round all ye fair maidens and travel back to medieval times to explore the history, people, culture, and events of the Middle Ages and Renaissance.A historic overview of the middle ages and renaissance